A line-by-line edit of an excerpt from the script.

Screenshot by the author; © 2003 by Warner Bros.

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King tells the story of Frodo Baggins and company as they complete their quest through Middle Earth to destroy the One Ring. The script was written by Fran Walsh & Philippa Boyens & Peter Jackson, based on the novel by J. R. R. Tolkien.

In this excerpt, a battle-worn Pippin and Gandalf discuss death while orcs and trolls attempt to breach the Sixth Gate of Minas Tirith.

💬 Original lines appear as code blocks, edited lines appear as “quote blocks,” changes appear as boldface, and commentary appears as regular text. …


A line-by-line edit of an excerpt from the script.

Screenshot by the author; © 2002 by Warner Bros.

The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers tells the story of Frodo Baggins and company as they continue their quest through Middle Earth to destroy the One Ring. The script was written by Fran Walsh & Philippa Boyens & Stephen Sinclair & Peter Jackson, based on the novel by J. R. R. Tolkien.

In this excerpt, Gandalf, Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli enter the Golden Hall at Edoras to rescue King Théoden, whose mind has been poisoned by Saruman.

💬 Original lines appear as code blocks, edited lines appear as “quote blocks,” changes appear as boldface, and commentary appears as…


And anyone who tells you otherwise is sus.

Photo by British Library on Unsplash

I am confident that this article will receive no attention — that it will not be promoted or appear in recommendations — and that what ears befall it out of chance or misfortune will be deaf to its message. I am also confident that the people to whom such ears belong will, in the absence of confirming evidence, and based solely on their emotions and the color of my skin (if they look at my profile picture), regard me as racist. …


Principles for liberals, to get what you want.

Background photo by Bermix Studio on Unsplash

Liberals and conservatives are fundamentally different from each other, and the discrepancies between their personalities make it difficult for the two to intercommunicate; indeed, whereas liberals tend to be more open and concerned with feelings (and as such tend to use more abstract, emotional language, which conservatives tend not to understand), conservatives tend to be more conscientious and concerned with facts (and as such tend to use more concrete, practical language, which liberals tend not to like). However, understanding how each type thinks and speaks, and respecting the differences between them, may enable both to communicate more effectively.

What follows…


Thoughts on manufactured bias and freedom of speech.

Photo by Judeus Samson on Unsplash

It’s crazy that Parler was removed from the internet; a billion-dollar company, gone, just like that. And although the reasons for its removal are understandable (and maybe even valid), its removal is nevertheless troubling: this event confirms the godly (but unholy) powers of tech companies to control information, businesses, and lives, and it sets a precedent for intervention that should disquiet all of us as participants in and contributors to the global digital enterprise; indeed, that Google, Apple, and Amazon maintain the beliefs and values that they do is arbitrary, and although they may have our backs now (if they…


Detailed, high-resolution images of the Red Planet.

On August 12, 2005, NASA launched the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter — a spacecraft designed to study the climate and geology of Mars, map the planet’s surface, and survey for potential rover landing sites. The spacecraft orbits Mars at an average distance of 287 kilometers (178 miles), scanning, probing, and photographing the planet in exquisite, unprecedented detail. What follows are images captured by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment, one of the Orbiter’s six science instruments. …


A line-by-line edit of an excerpt from the script.

Screenshot by the author; © 2001 by Warner Bros.

The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring tells the story of Frodo Baggins and company as they begin their quest through Middle Earth to destroy the One Ring. The script was written by Fran Walsh & Philippa Boyens & Peter Jackson, based on the novel by J. R. R. Tolkien.

In this scene, Gandalf confronts a balrog in the Mines of Moria as he and the fellowship flee from it across the Bridge of Khazad-dûm.

💬 Original lines appear as code blocks, edited lines appear as “quote blocks,” changes appear as boldface, and commentary appears as regular…


A line-by-line edit of a scene from the script.

Screenshot by the author; © 2009 by Pathe UK.

Bright Star tells the true story of nineteenth-century English romantic poet John Keats and his three-year love affair with his muse, Fanny Brawne. The script was written by Jane Campion.

💬 Original lines appear as code blocks, edited lines appear as “quote blocks,” changes appear as boldface, and commentary appears as regular text. Original lines that do not require editing are run into the same code blocks as original lines that follow them and do.

Original Text

EXT. HAMPSTEAD HEATH - DAYFanny and Mr Brown cross the road onto the Heath, where Keats leads them down an AVENUE OF TREES, then…


A line-by-line edit of the first 160 words of the script.

Screenshot by the author; © 2010 by Columbia Pictures.

The Social Network tells the true(-ish) story of computer programmer and social-media mogul Mark Zuckerberg as he navigates the situations, relationships, and lawsuits that were the founding of Facebook. The script was written by Aaron Sorkin, based on The Accidental Billionaires by Ben Mezrich.

💬 Original lines appear as code blocks, edited lines appear as “quote blocks,” changes appear as boldface, and commentary appears as regular text. Original lines that do not require editing are run into the same code blocks as original lines that follow them and do.

Original Text

FROM THE BLACK WE HEAR--MARK (V.O.) Did you know there…

A line-by-line edit of an excerpt from the script.

Screenshot by the author; © 2014 by StudioCanal UK.

The Imitation Game tells the true story of mathematician and computer scientist Alan Turing as he leads a group of cryptanalysts in deciphering Nazi communication codes during WWII. The script was written by Graham Moore, based on Alan Turing: The Enigma by Andrew Hodges.

💬 Original lines appear as code blocks, edited lines appear as “quote blocks,” changes appear as boldface, and commentary appears as regular text. Original lines that do not require editing are run into the same code blocks as original lines that follow them and do.

Original Text

INT. BLETCHLEY PARK - DAY - LATERANGLE ON: A machine…

Mitchell Ferrin

Editor, Designer | mitchellferrin.com

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